Eye Doctor

The importance of
eye checkups

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) can put your vision at risk if it progresses, which can happen even if you are managing your blood sugar levels. The good news is that early detection, routine monitoring, and potential treatment could help against vision loss from DR and its complications, like diabetic macular edema.

If you develop diabetic retinopathy, your retina specialist will work with you to find an appropriate treatment option for your eyes. Because everyone is different, and DR can progress slowly or quickly and without early symptoms, regular eye checkups are very important if you have diabetes. Let’s look at the different kinds of eye care professionals you can visit to get your eyes checked.

Eye Doctor

Which eye care professional?

It’s important to know that each kind of eye care professional is trained and licensed to offer various services and meet different needs.





Retina Specialists

Retina Specialists

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Dilated Eye Exam

Watch a retina specialist explain Dilated Eye Exams

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Fundus Photographs

Watch two retina specialists explain Fundus Photographs

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Fluorescein Angiography

Watch a retina specialist explain Fluorescein Angiography

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Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

Watch two retina specialists explain Optical Coherence Tomography


In addition, artificial intelligence (AI) is being explored as another tool to help diagnose diabetic retinopathy. The AI diagnostic system takes and analyzes fundus photographs of the retina to determine if there are signs of DR.

What can you do after diabetic retinopathy or diabetic macular edema is diagnosed? Click to learn about potential treatment options.